For that we are very thankful, minister that you're willing to look at how best you can help us on that score and we look forward to having one or two of our officers coming here to learn and then going back with the greater multiply effect that we expect. We are happy to respond to your questions on the bilateral relationship and then I'm happy to take your questions on other issues.
I think we've got to be out of here sort of around Both because we think our own officers can come here and learn and then go back. But we think the Federal Police can also go there, work with our police service, see on the ground what is happening, see the shortages and advise as to how best we can manage the situation.
I mean would it just be a dozen or could it be hundreds of officers who might come here? No, I think we'll be quite happy if we have a dozen or so. Both sides.
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There's been contact between our officials. We knew this was an issue so an AFP officer visited Botswana in the course of this year. We've done some preliminary work. We're looking in the first instance at a couple of Botswanan senior police officers coming to Australia for a period of time, then going back to add that expertise. But we're also looking at whether it's possible to bring some more and also whether it would be of assistance for a small number of AFP officers to go to Botswana to do that work.
But the Minister has summarised it, we're at, if you like, the early stages of it but it is one of those areas where we think we can do more and it's obviously a good thing to do to try and help enhance the law enforcement capacity in Botswana. Is it smuggling, or just crime, forensics, is there any particular area? And trying to trace them on land alone is very difficult.
So we want to be able to trace them on land and in the air, and to be able to communicate. So that's one area. Of course, there's no area that we can really say that we are self-sufficient, because we are not. The drugs - remember, we're having , the football fanatics who'll be coming to South Africa…. So we want to be prepared to make sure that they don't come and sniff or they call it snook on our side and go back and then you've got the drugs.
So it's really - well, with particular reference to controlling, you know, this kind of crime who - people who are running around disappearing in the bush or on the roads, but also trying to make sure that our borders are safe. You mentioned you discussing Zimbabwe in your meeting this morning. What are your - both of your thoughts on the call for EU sanctions [indistinct]?
We have political argument by the Zimbabweans forming the Unity Government. We think that once you've put in a government, whether people are happy with it or not, it is the duty of all of us to support, to be supportive. And sometimes we normally be a contradiction of that kind of support and we speak to our friends and ask them that they should re-examine the position, because we think there's a good thing happening here.
Prime Minister Tsvangirai is doing his best and we dare not allow him to fail. Because if he fails, then everybody will say, we told you so. The [indistinct] is right. We don't know why they didn't allow the Zimbabwe to collapse literally. That we can't afford, because the ordinary Zimbabwean is the one who suffers.
So whenever people speak about sanctions, I think of the ordinary villager, who is the one who is not receiving what they ought to receive. As politicians, some of us will be flying around, going Malaysia - I'm not saying who'll be going to Malaysia - but then, you know, the ordinary person suffers because of the sanctions.
It's an area, we think, sooner dealt with and lift it. And we're not proposing to disturb those for the present.
We've also effectively had a ban on Ministerial contact, and we've also had restrictions on assistance, limiting that to humanitarian assistance to the people of Zimbabwe themselves. There are two areas where we have moved, if you like, and two areas where we are looking very carefully at what we're proposing to do for the future.
One, of course, is contact with Ministers. And whilst we are not proposing to have contact with Mr Mugabe's Ministers, we are proposing to have contact with Mr Tsvangirai and his Ministers. Five million for each. And both of those programs, the money goes, in the case of water and water sanitation, to the local authorities who now have responsibility for water sanitation.
And in the case of health, a joint program with the United Kingdom development assistance agency to get additional payments to health workers to get their health workers, and nurses and midwives, and doctors back into the system. We're now looking at what more we can do to help build Zimbabwe's capacity in areas that will benefit the Zimbabwe people: health, education, water and water sanitation, and the like.
We've been very careful about that, because if you like, the jury is still out on the success of the transitional government. We would have preferred Mr Mugabe walked off the stage and Mr Tsvangirai became Prime Minister in his own right, and we think that would have properly reflected the will of the Zimbabwe people.
But that is not how it emerged.
- Press Conference with Botswana's Foreign Minister, Mr Phandu Skelemani.
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When I made that announcement, it was seen internationally as being the first contribution to Zimbabwe which went beyond pure humanitarian assistance, emergency food, and the like. We are looking at what more we can do on that front to build the capacity of Zimbabwe, to bring real benefits to the Zimbabwean people.
At some point in the cycle, Mr Mugabe will go. We hope, at some point in the cycle, that an election by the Zimbabwe people genuinely elects a democratically elected government who can get on with the job of fixing Zimbabwe's economy and fixing the social circumstances. But together with Botswana, we are looking very carefully at what more we can do to push the boundary, if you like, of assistance to Mr Tsvangirai and his Ministers, and to the people of Zimbabwe. But for the present, we're not proposing to disturb our longstanding financial and travel sanctions on members of the Mugabe regime, nor the ministerial ban on contact with Mr Mugabe's Ministers.
In recent times, we have sent officials to Sri Lanka to speak to the Sri Lankan authorities about people smuggling and people movement issues. And that was a delegation led by the national security adviser, Mr Lewis. We, of course, currently have officials in Sri Lanka, and we currently have officials in the north of Sri Lanka who are working with the Sri Lankan authorities to seek to locate the whereabouts of three Sri Lanka - three Australian citizens who we believe are in one of the displaced people's camps.
This is a matter that I have raised personally with Foreign Minister Bogollagama. I did that late last month.
We're also giving consular assistance to the three families. We don't have any information which would cause us to believe that the three aren't safe; it's just we have not been able to locate them, either through the UNHCR, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and his officers who are working in the displaced camps, nor have we been able to locate them through Sri Lankan authorities, but we're working very hard to do that.
I might just also take the opportunity of restating a couple of points about Sri Lanka generally. We welcome the fact that the Sri Lankan Government has said they want to clear 80 per cent of the displaced people's camps over the next period. But we continue to very strongly believe that the relevant international agencies, particularly the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, particularly the International Committee for the Red Cross, should have complete access to those camps.
Why is it taking you so long? And can you put any more pressure on the Sri Lankan government? When we became aware that we had three citizens in Sri Lanka and we wanted to help their families locate them, I raised it with Foreign Minister Bogollagama. My memory is that conversation was in May, late May. Since then, our officials in Sri Lanka have been working very hard with the Sri Lankan authorities and the international organisations trying to locate them.
The problem is essentially you have literally hundreds of thousands of peoples in the displaced people's camps in northern Sri Lanka as a result of the conflict and the crisis. And it has been very difficult, firstly to get access and secondly, to locate individuals when you're dealing with hundreds of thousands of people who have been displaced in a very quick period of time in terrible circumstances.
Our officials believed, at one point late in May or early this month, that they had been located in the camps, but we cannot confirm their continued presence in one of the camps. Having said that, I underline this point, we have no information or evidence from any of our sources - the international agencies, our own officers, or the Sri Lankan authorities - which would cause us to believe they are unsafe or have come into harm. Our problem is, and the difficulty for the families at the moment is we can't confirm their whereabouts, but we're doing everything we can in conjunction with the international agencies and the Sri Lankan authorities to locate them.
And when I raised it with Foreign Minister Bogollagama, he made it crystal clear that he would ensure that our officials had complete access to the Sri Lankan officials to seek to locate them. QUESTION: Does Australia have any more general sort of human rights concerns about what's going on in the north in Sri Lanka, and - I mean, given that the Sri Lankan Government throughout this period, over the last month, they've made repeated promises that they weren't always willing to keep.
Are you worried about that? Firstly, we think that the Sri Lankan Government and the Sri Lankan authorities will now be judged on two things: on how they manage and deal with the vast numbers of people in the displaced camps; and secondly, how they now move to a reform program which enables all of the Sri Lankan people and all of the Sri Lankan community to feel that they have a share in a democracy in Sri Lanka.
On the first point, on the displaced peoples, I have made the point very clear to Foreign Minister Bogollagama and publicly that we very strongly believe that the international agencies, particularly the United Nations Commissioner for Refugees, should have complete and unfettered access to the camps. And that point has been made, as I say, to Foreign Minister Bogollagama. The point was also made by our officials in Geneva when Sri Lanka appeared before the Human Rights Council and its most recent hearing, or meetings, which from memory was early this month.
Have your concerns about the situation increased? On the one hand we welcome the fact that in the last twelve hours or so the demonstrations and the protests appear almost exclusively to have been peaceful and to have been met with restraint by the Iranian authorities. We continue to express our very grave concerns about the repression of protest that we saw a day or so ago. And so we welcome the fact that the most recent large protests are being reported and appear to have been peaceful and not met with restraint.
We are concerned, of course, that foreign journalists are now being excluded and we worry that this is a further sign of Iran's isolation. We also welcome the fact that the Supreme Leader's undertaking to effect a recount has been effected, if only in part, but nonetheless, a recount is being effected. Hawke's leadership was finally irrevocably damaged towards the end of , as new Liberal Leader John Hewson released ' Fightback!
Many within the Labor Party appeared to lose faith in him over this, and Keating duly challenged for the leadership a second time on 19 December , this time narrowly defeating Hawke by 56 votes to In a speech to the House of Representatives the following day, Hawke declared that his nine years as prime minister had left Australia a better country than he found, and he was given a standing ovation by those present.
He subsequently tendered his resignation as prime minister to the governor-general. Hawke briefly returned to the backbenches before resigning from Parliament on 20 February , sparking a by-election which was won by the independent candidate Phil Cleary from a record field of 22 candidates. Hawke wrote that he had very few regrets over his time in office. His bitterness towards Keating surfaced in his earlier memoirs; by , Hawke claimed that he and Keating had long since buried their differences, and that they regularly dined together and considered each other friends.
In an open letter to Hawke published in The Australian newspapers, Keating bitterly accused Hawke and d'Alpuget of spreading falsehoods about his role in Hawke's premiership. After leaving Parliament, Hawke entered the business world, taking on a number of directorships and consultancy positions which enabled him to achieve considerable financial success. He deliberately had little involvement with the Labor Party during Keating's tenure as prime minister, not wanting to overshadow his successor, although he did occasionally criticise some of Keating's policies publicly.
After Keating's defeat and the election of the Howard Government at the election , he began to be more involved with Labor, regularly appearing at a number of Labor election launches and campaigns, often alongside Keating. In the run up to the election , Hawke made a considerable personal effort to support Kevin Rudd , making speeches at a large number of campaign office openings across Australia.
As well as campaigning against WorkChoices , Hawke also attacked John Howard 's record as Treasurer, stating "it was the judgement of every economist and international financial institution that it was the restructuring reforms undertaken by my government, with the full cooperation of the trade union movement, which created the strength of the Australian economy today".
Similarly, in the and campaigns , Hawke lent considerable support to Julia Gillard and Kevin Rudd respectively. Hawke also maintained an involvement in Labor politics at a state level; in , Hawke publicly supported New South Wales Premier Kristina Keneally , who was facing almost certain defeat, in her campaign against Liberal Barry O'Farrell , describing her campaign as "gutsy". Interfaith dialogue was an important issue for Hawke, who told the Adelaide Review that he is "convinced that one of the great potential dangers confronting the world is the lack of understanding in regard to the Muslim world.
Fanatics have misrepresented what Islam is. They give a false impression of the essential nature of Islam. In , after taking part in Andrew Denton's Better Off Dead podcast, Hawke added his voice to calls for voluntary euthanasia to be legalised. He revealed that he had such an arrangement with his wife Blanche should such a devastating medical situation occur. In late December , Hawke revealed that he was in "terrible health".
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While predicting a Labor win in the upcoming election , Hawke said he "may not witness the party's success". In May , in the lead-up to the Australian federal election, Hawke made a joint statement with Keating. They endorsed Labor's economic plan and condemned the Liberal Party for "completely [giving] up the economic reform agenda". They stated that "Shorten's Labor is the only party of government focused on the need to modernise the economy to deal with the major challenge of our time: human induced climate change".
Their fourth child, Robert Jr, died in his early infancy in Hawke was named Victorian Father of the Year in , an honour which his wife disputed due to his heavy drinking and womanising.
Throughout his marriage to his first wife, Hazel, Hawke was a heavy drinker. Hawke suffered from alcohol poisoning following the death of their infant son. Hawke had an extramarital affair with his biographer d'Alpuget. Hawke left his wife for d'Alpuget, a move which left him estranged from some of his family for a time.
On the subject of his religion, Hawke previously wrote, while attending the World Christian Youth Conference in India, that "there were all these poverty stricken kids at the gate of this palatial place where we were feeding our face and I just was struck by this enormous sense of irrelevance of religion to the needs of people".
He subsequently abandoned his Christian beliefs. Hawke died on 16 May , aged 89, two days before the federal election, at his home in Northbridge. A biographical television film, Hawke , premiered on the Ten Network in Australia on 18 July , with Richard Roxburgh playing the title character. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Australian politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Australia. The Honourable. AC , GCL. Ninian Stephen Bill Hayden. Hazel Masterson m. Blanche d'Alpuget m. Clem Hawke father Edith Lee mother.
Main article: Hawke Government. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. May Further information: Prices and Incomes Accord. Retrieved 23 January The Canberra Times. Australian Capital Territory, Australia. Retrieved 17 May — via National Library of Australia. Hawke: A biography , Melbourne: Schwartz, p. Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 25 April Hawke: A biography , p. Schwartz, Melbourne. National Archives of Australia. Archived from the original on 12 September Retrieved 7 April Retrieved 19 May The Hawke Memoirs.
Retrieved 28 June Cambridge University Press. United Voice. Archived from the original on 7 April Retrieved 28 July The Guardian. The Age. Solidarity Magazine. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 18 July Retrieved 22 May Retrieved 27 August Australian Parliamentary Library.
Retrieved 11 March Government of Australia. Australia: ABC News. The Australian. Retrieved 9 August Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 May ABC News. Retrieved 3 March South Australia Economic Development Board. Retrieved 26 January Retrieved 22 February Adelaide Review Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 14 March Radio National Breakfast Thursday 14 April Retrieved 17 August The Sydney Morning Herald 14 April Retrieved 27 December Retrieved 29 December Retrieved 8 May Retrieved 25 August Syney Morning Herald.
Retrieved 22 August Elders with Andrew Denton. Archived from the original on 25 August Retrieved 23 February Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
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Retrieved 31 July Retrieved 3 September University of Sydney. Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 22 September Australia-China Relations Institute. Archived from the original on 31 August Retrieved 15 December Archived from the original on 19 August Anson, Stan Hawke: An Emotional Life. Macphee Gribble. Robert J Hawke. The Oxford Companion to Australian History. Oxford University Press. Edwards, John Keating, The Inside Story. Hawke, Bob Hurst, John Hawke PM.